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Coast Wattle

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Scientific name
Acacia longifolia ssp sophorae
Common name
Coast Wattle
Plants that Clothe the Bluff
Page 4
Plant Form
Tree
Where to find
Across the entire Bluff
Foliage
Broad flat dark green leaves to 15 cm long
Flower
Sulphur yellow flowers (spikes)
Size
H 1 – 8 m x H 4 – 8 m
Flowering
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Description
The large spreading Coast Wattle has precumbent lower branches running to 4 m and sustains little  understorey. It provides shelter for small birds. Acacia longifolia has two subspecies one of which is local (indigenous), the other being introduced. The indigenous one is Acacia longifolia subsp. sophorae – or Coast Wattle, the introduced one is Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia – or Sallow Wattle.

Furthermore, whilst Coast Wattle at the Bluff is considered indigenous, it has become semi-invasive in ‘modern’ times principally due to changes in fire management (i.e. fire repression) as well as its widespread and enthusiastic movement via the horticultural industry (i.e. plant nurseries and landscapers). It therefore occupies a niche similar to Leptospermum laevigatum in which its abundance along the coast and its distribuition away from the coast has increased considerably with European land management.

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